Your Questions About Fitness

Chris asks…

Why people in this country are fat?

Obesity involves having an abnormally high proportion of body fat. Doctors define obesity as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher and overweight as having a BMI of 25 or higher.

Weight is largely determined by how you balance your intake of calories from food with the energy you use in everyday activities. If you consume more calories than you use, you gain weight. Your body stores calories that you don’t need for energy as fat.

Fat is important for storing energy and insulating your body, among other functions. The human body can handle carrying some extra fat, but beyond a certain point, body fat can begin to interfere with your health.

Eating too many calories and not getting enough physical activity are the main causes of obesity, especially in combination. But many factors can contribute to obesity.

The Expert answers:

Eating too much, eating the wrong things, video games, technoligy, laziness. America is getting GROSS.

BesT WisheS!

Joseph asks…

Please look at my stats; should I do more cardio or strength training?

5″9 is my height
218.1 pounds overall
32.2 Body Mass Index
67.9 Pounds of Fat
31.2% Bodyfat percentage
50.2% Water
8.4% Bone Mass percentage

More cardio or more strength training based on my personal body composition stats. All of my fat is at the midsection. I have very lean shoulders arms, chest, and legs.

The Expert answers:

Probably the cardio but don’t neglect weights ever. Your body fat levels are way too high. Clean up your diet, hit the cardio hard and weight train at least twice a week.

Lisa asks…

The body mass index, I, can be used to determine an individual’s risk for heart disease. An index less than 25?

An index less than 25 indicates a low risk. The body mass index is given by the formula, or model, I=700w/h^2, where w=weight, in pounds, and H=height, in inches, Jerome is 75 inches tall.
What weights will keep his body mass index between 19 and 30?

Jerome’s body mass index will fall between 19 and 30 for the set of all weights such that ___ < W < ____

The Expert answers:

An index anywhere from 17 to 25 is in the normal range.
25-30 is obese and over 30 is very obese
Keep up the good work

Mandy asks…

Does a fourteen year old girl have to exercise?

Body mass index of about 21. Has exercised 5x weekly since February, would discontinuing exercise affect them?

The Expert answers:

Yes everyone should exercise!

Robert asks…

What is independent and dependent variable?

I’m doing an experiment for Biology in which I determine whether 16 year old boys or girls have a higher heart rate based on Body Mass Index. The title of the lab is “The Effect of Body Mass Index on the Heart Rate of 16-year-old Humans (Homo sapiens sapiens)”

I’m having a hard time determining which is my independent and dependent variable. I measured the bmi and heart rate of 10 girls and 10 boys. Any help?
what would my control be?

The Expert answers:

The independent variable would be the BMI, since this is the one that is assumed to influence the other, the dependent variable, which would be the heart rate.

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Your Questions About Fitness

Laura asks…

What is a good weight for a 5’3″ 18 year old woman?

I am 18 years old, 5’3″, and I weigh 127 lbs. I am a little heavier than I would like to be. What is an ideal weight for someone my height?

The Expert answers:

As of now you are in the above normal BMI (body mass index). It doesn’t mean you’re fat.The range for your height is between 102 lbs- 128 lbs. I suggest a 115 lbs is a more desirable weight. Though 127 lbs is close to the maximum 128 lbs for your height, you don’t have to worry because it’s still normal

Lizzie asks…

Anyone have any ideas to help get pregnant with twins?

I was wondering if there were any wise tells about how to get pregnant with multiples? What can you do to increase your odds of having twins?

The Expert answers:

Many people wonder what it takes to have twins, triplets or more. While having multiples is a gift and a blessing, there are some common factors that increase the chances of conceiving twins.

-Have a History: Do twins run in your family? If you have a mother, brother, sister, uncle or long lost cousin with multiples, you may wonder if you’ll have them too. Sometimes twinning is hereditary, it’s true. However, only fraternal (dizygotic twins are influenced by heredity, and then only in some cases. If your mother or maternal grandmother was or had fraternal twins, you might have inherited a gene for hyperovulation, increasing your chances of conceiving twins also.

-Grow or Gain Weight: A recent study published by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology correlates the rise in multiple birth rates with rising rates of obesity. Research found that mothers with a BMI (Body Mass Index) of 30 or higer were significantly more likely to have twins. Again, this statistic only holds true for fraternal (dizygotic) twins. The research also showed that women of above-average height were also more likely to have multiples.

-Wait Until You’re Older: Older mothers are more likely to conceive twins than their younger counterparts. It’s thought that the body accelerates ovulation as the biological clock starts ticking faster. Seventeen percent of mothers over age 45 have multiples. Wait five more years and the odds rise to one in nine!

-Eat More Yummy Yams: No one is quite sure why, but the Yoruba tribe in West Africa has the highest rate of twinning in the world. A study concluded that the mother’s diet was the cause, being high in cassava, a type of yam or sweet potato. The peelings of this vegetable are thought to contain a chemical that causes hyperovulation.

-Seek Ferttility Assistance: Reproductive technology has dramatically increased the multiple birth rate. Drugs that stimualate ovulation can lead to a multiple pregnancy, but multiples can also result from invitro fertilization. It’s not just that multiple embryos are implanted in the mother, but there is also an unexplained increase in the number of monozygotic twins among IVF patients. No ethical doctor would provide treatment if it wasn’t warranted, so fertility assistance should only be sought out when necessary.

-Have A Big Family: The more kids you have, the more likely you are to conceive twins in a subsequent pregnancy. No one knows the magic limit that triggers a multiple pregnancy, so you’ll just have to keep trying until it happens.

-Conceive While Breastfeeding: Most people think that you can’t get pregnant while breastfeeding, that the process of lactating keeps a woman from ovulating. However, plenty of mothers of twins can disprove that theory. Some research has supported the theory that the chance of twins or multiples is increased if a woman conceives while breastfeeding.

-Get Pregnant On the Pill: Birth control pills are usually thought to be 99.9 percent effective at preventing pregnancy. However, that .01 percent often results in a double whammy — multiples. Sometimes pregnancy occurs when the pill isn’t taken consistently; in other cases, the hormonal mix of a particular drug type simply doesn’t provide enough coverage to completely prevent ovulation. In either case, playing around with hormones can lead to hyperovulation, increasing the chances of multiples.

Http://multiples.about.com/od/funfacts/tp/howtohavetwins.htm

Joseph asks…

What do you think the average weight for me is?

I’m 15 5’1 and weigh 123 is that too much 🙁 ? what’s the average weight for my height and age?

The Expert answers:

Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight.

You have a BMI of 23. A woman of your height should weigh between 101 and 127 pounds to maintain a normal BMI. Your weight is normal.

John asks…

Am I a normal weight for my height and age?

I am 16, 5 foot 6 and about 145-150 pounds. I play two sports throughout the year so I am usually active, but in the past year or so I think I have gained a lot of weight and I think I am on the way to being overweight. Please tell me if I am normal size?

The Expert answers:

There’s an unofficial “formula” for the ideal weight. For women, its 5 feet: 100 lbs, and an extra 5 lbs for every inch there after. So a 5’3″ woman’s ideal weight is around 115 lbs. For you the ideal weight according to this formula is 130 lbs. However, you do sports which builds muscle. And muscle weighs more than fat.

A more accurate way is body mass index, or BMI. You’re BMI is 23.7 (I put that you weigh 147 lbs). A normal weight person’s BMI is between 18.5 and 24.9. So yeah you’re normal weight.

Nancy asks…

Does anyone here have pcos and is taking metformin and conceived if so how long was you on the medicine ?

I have a 7 year old and now im trying to have another one, but no luck. I been trying for over a year and I found out from my doctor today that I have pcos and he put me on metformin 500mg 2x daily. Has anyone had this problem and the medicine worked for them? And if so how long did it take before you conceived? What dosage was you taking? When you became pregnant?

The Expert answers:

PCOS has many different possible causes, as the Merck Manual link below explains, the drug clomiphene alone is more effective than metformin, and metformin is used as add on therapy for women with a body mass index greater than 35.

Metformin is approved for treating type 2 diabetes by cutting down on the liver’s ability to make sugar, alcohol also cuts down on the liver’s ability to make sugar, so mixing alcohol with metformin is a bad idea as blood sugar levels can fall too low to keep a brain alive (mother and baby). Metformin is used for other purposes other than just the FDA approved use in diabetes.

You should not have any diagnostic tests using dyes along with metformin or it might damage the kidneys or raise metformin levels too high.

As the link on metformin explains, metformin can cut down on vitamin B 12 and folic acid absorption, these are vital for the healthy development of a baby, you might need shots of these vitamins if you become pregnant while on metformin. Once you are pregnant you might talk with your doctor about discontinuing the metformin therapy.

Http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec18/ch256/ch256e.html?qt=pcos&alt=sh

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Your Questions About Fitness

Sandra asks…

How accurate is the BMI (body mass index) in determining your health???

I am 33, 5 foot 6, very active (swim, walk a lot, have started yoga and belly dancing, and do sit-ups, 25 a day, and push ups about 15 a day). I have a lot of muscle in my arms and legs. I have a little bit of a baby condo left from having my third child, but other then that my stomach is relatively flat. My BP is usually around 110/60. But here is the thing, I way 223 lbs. When I have people geuss my weight people usually say about 150, I know some of that is trying to be polite but some seem genuinely suprised when I say what I weigh. According to the BMI I am morbidly obese, but I don’t feel it. I told my mother and a co-worker that I want to lose 70 lbs they said that I would look like a skeleton. My doctor says weightloss would be good, but he also says that I am in perfect health, so what do you folks think???? Go by weight or go by how you look, act and feel?????

The Expert answers:

BMI is only an estimate of your weight distribution. It does not really take into account or differentiate muscle/fat ratios or bone structure. When I was in the army the soldiers who worked out with heavy weights and therefore had higher than usual muscle mass (which is denser than fat) always exceeded the charts and had to have more specialized measurements done.

The most accurate way to determine your muscle/fat ratio is to have a physician weigh you on dry land and also submersed in a pool. Since fat is less dense than muscle the difference in weight between the dry weigh-in and the submerged weigh-in gives a more accurate measure of fat percentage in your body weight.

If you are truly concerned then you should consult with a physician who will use a more precise evaluation than just looking at a chart. Diet and activity levels are as important in determining over all health as is body fat levels.

Nancy asks…

How can I claim/prove astrology is true?

I’m in a debate on the side that says astrology is true

The Expert answers:

Here are some facts although I doubt that you’ll be able to change a non-believer’s mind:

Recently, a study by the Office of National Statistics in the UK found that the birth month of a child apparently affects the kind of career that they follow. See http://topnews.ae/content/28945-birth-mo… the link doesn’t work, just Google Birth Month Determines Baby’s Career or something similar and it will show up.

A neuroscientist from Oxford, although he won’t admit to believing in astrology stated: “It seems absurd the month in which you are born can affect life chances, BUT how long you live, how tall you are, how well you do at school, your body mass index as an adult, your morning-versus-evening preference and how likely you are to develop a range of diseases are all correlated to some extent with the time of year in which you emerge from the womb.” Researchers have suggested that the differences might be linked to a mother’s exposure to sunlight in pregnancy. Sunlight triggers the production of Vitamin D in the body and lack of this in the first months of life may have long-lasting effects. So, the Sun’s energy in fact affects the unborn child.

Lunar cycles are known to affect animal behavior and physiology. Studies have revealed that in birds, the daily variations in melatonin and corticosterone disappear during full-moon days. The lunar cycle also exerts effects on laboratory rats with regard to taste sensitivity and the ultrastructure of pineal gland cells.

It is also suggested by scientists that the release of neurohormones may be triggered by the electromagnetic radiation and/or the gravitational pull of the moon. We already know that the gravitational pull of the Moon and Sun affects the ocean’s tides (more accurately the rise and fall of the ocean). It’s also a scientific fact that when aligned with the moon, the sun will strengthen the moon’s pull, creating more extreme high and low tides called spring tides. When at a 90-degree angle from the moon, the sun will pull the water slightly away from the moon, making less apparent tides. This is the same principle as aspects and alignments in astrology. There are people who still plant crops based on the cycles of the Sun and Moon because they affect the amount of moisture pulled up to the surface of the earth. Why wouldn’t such forces also affect the development of a person who spends the first 9 months of their life in the watery environment of the womb – the development of his brain and therefore his personality? Babies are not born as blank slates; they are not born all alike. They have different personalities – some are demanding, some are quiet and observant.

The astrologers of ancient civilizations, most of whom were also astronomers, may not have known about the scientific principles of gravity or solar and lunar cycles and planetary energies or Vitamin D, but they saw the patterns and the effects of such things here on earth. Now, scientists are beginning to recognize those patterns and effects as well.

Also look up the 1914 case of Evangeline Adams who was a professional astrologer charged with illegal fortune telling. She was acquitted when the judge in the case selected an unnamed person for whom she gave an accurate astrology reading – the judge knew it was accurate because the person that he had selected was his son. She did this manually of course – no computers existed at the time – using the Ephemeris. One of Ms. Adams most supportive clients was J.P. Morgan, one of the nation’s wealthiest men who consulted her regularly about financial matters.

Paul asks…

question is about star signs,how is the separate information on each star sign made?

To me the only way this would be possible would be to have conducted researce over the thousands of years into the personality’s of which star they were born under.In this case even if there is a new star the information of your personality would still be correct eg i (was) a Scorpio the info on the scorpio is still mine an the virgo sign should be placed on the scorpio’s description? What do people think?
Scorpio_woman/ thanks,So what about the star sign change? eg.. The Virgo star sign (name symbol) should be put on the Scorpio’s description then yes?

The Expert answers:

Serious astrology (not to be confused with the horoscopes that appear in magazines and newspapers) IS thousands of years old, although the basis of modern Western astrology is usually credited to Ptolemy who existed around the time of Alexander the Great. Those who first began studying it, did so mostly for practical reasons – best time to grow crops, for example. (Some people today still base crop planting on Lunar Cycles since the gravitational pull of the Moon can actually pull moisture up towards the surface of the soil). As time went on, they noticed that people born during certain times of the year when the planets were in a particular pattern shared similarities. As with any study, astrology became more refined as more was learned about the solar system. (Western astrology focuses on planetary influences of the planets in our solar system, not the constellations themselves – that would be vedic astrology). Now, modern science is beginning to confirm what astrologers have known all along. A study by the Office of National Statistics in the UK found that the birth month of a child apparently affects the kind of career that they follow. See http://topnews.ae/content/28945-birth-mo… the link doesn’t work, just Google Birth Month Determines Baby’s Career or something like that and it should show up.

A neuroscientist from Oxford, although he won’t admit to believing in astrology stated: “It seems absurd the month in which you are born can affect life chances, BUT how long you live, how tall you are, how well you do at school, your body mass index as an adult, your morning-versus-evening preference and how likely you are to develop a range of diseases are all correlated to some extent with the time of year in which you emerge from the womb.”

Michael asks…

Is this a normal weight for a 13 year old girl?

I weigh 111 pounds. I’m 13 years old and I’m around 5 ft. 3. Is 111 pounds a normal weight for a girl my age?

The Expert answers:

A 13 year old (female) child who is 111.0 pounds and 5 feet and 3 inches tall, has a body mass index of 19.7, which is at the 62.5th percentile and is considered to be a healthy weight.

Laura asks…

should gps do more to tackle patient’s obesity?

are we a nation of fatties?

The Expert answers:

I think the Obesity problem should start in school. I think we need to teach our children how to eat better and provide them with nutritious meals so that they don’t feel like they are missing out on fast food.

Then it’s the doctor’s responsibility to educate their patiens and guide them through a successful diet of healty tasting foods to reduce their BMI (body mass index).

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Your Questions About Fitness

Sandy asks…

What is a good weight for a 5’3″ 18 year old woman?

I am 18 years old, 5’3″, and I weigh 127 lbs. I am a little heavier than I would like to be. What is an ideal weight for someone my height?

The Expert answers:

As of now you are in the above normal BMI (body mass index). It doesn’t mean you’re fat.The range for your height is between 102 lbs- 128 lbs. I suggest a 115 lbs is a more desirable weight. Though 127 lbs is close to the maximum 128 lbs for your height, you don’t have to worry because it’s still normal

Ruth asks…

Anyone have any ideas to help get pregnant with twins?

I was wondering if there were any wise tells about how to get pregnant with multiples? What can you do to increase your odds of having twins?

The Expert answers:

Many people wonder what it takes to have twins, triplets or more. While having multiples is a gift and a blessing, there are some common factors that increase the chances of conceiving twins.

-Have a History: Do twins run in your family? If you have a mother, brother, sister, uncle or long lost cousin with multiples, you may wonder if you’ll have them too. Sometimes twinning is hereditary, it’s true. However, only fraternal (dizygotic twins are influenced by heredity, and then only in some cases. If your mother or maternal grandmother was or had fraternal twins, you might have inherited a gene for hyperovulation, increasing your chances of conceiving twins also.

-Grow or Gain Weight: A recent study published by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology correlates the rise in multiple birth rates with rising rates of obesity. Research found that mothers with a BMI (Body Mass Index) of 30 or higer were significantly more likely to have twins. Again, this statistic only holds true for fraternal (dizygotic) twins. The research also showed that women of above-average height were also more likely to have multiples.

-Wait Until You’re Older: Older mothers are more likely to conceive twins than their younger counterparts. It’s thought that the body accelerates ovulation as the biological clock starts ticking faster. Seventeen percent of mothers over age 45 have multiples. Wait five more years and the odds rise to one in nine!

-Eat More Yummy Yams: No one is quite sure why, but the Yoruba tribe in West Africa has the highest rate of twinning in the world. A study concluded that the mother’s diet was the cause, being high in cassava, a type of yam or sweet potato. The peelings of this vegetable are thought to contain a chemical that causes hyperovulation.

-Seek Ferttility Assistance: Reproductive technology has dramatically increased the multiple birth rate. Drugs that stimualate ovulation can lead to a multiple pregnancy, but multiples can also result from invitro fertilization. It’s not just that multiple embryos are implanted in the mother, but there is also an unexplained increase in the number of monozygotic twins among IVF patients. No ethical doctor would provide treatment if it wasn’t warranted, so fertility assistance should only be sought out when necessary.

-Have A Big Family: The more kids you have, the more likely you are to conceive twins in a subsequent pregnancy. No one knows the magic limit that triggers a multiple pregnancy, so you’ll just have to keep trying until it happens.

-Conceive While Breastfeeding: Most people think that you can’t get pregnant while breastfeeding, that the process of lactating keeps a woman from ovulating. However, plenty of mothers of twins can disprove that theory. Some research has supported the theory that the chance of twins or multiples is increased if a woman conceives while breastfeeding.

-Get Pregnant On the Pill: Birth control pills are usually thought to be 99.9 percent effective at preventing pregnancy. However, that .01 percent often results in a double whammy — multiples. Sometimes pregnancy occurs when the pill isn’t taken consistently; in other cases, the hormonal mix of a particular drug type simply doesn’t provide enough coverage to completely prevent ovulation. In either case, playing around with hormones can lead to hyperovulation, increasing the chances of multiples.

Http://multiples.about.com/od/funfacts/tp/howtohavetwins.htm

Lizzie asks…

What do you think the average weight for me is?

I’m 15 5’1 and weigh 123 is that too much 🙁 ? what’s the average weight for my height and age?

The Expert answers:

Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight.

You have a BMI of 23. A woman of your height should weigh between 101 and 127 pounds to maintain a normal BMI. Your weight is normal.

Richard asks…

Am I a normal weight for my height and age?

I am 16, 5 foot 6 and about 145-150 pounds. I play two sports throughout the year so I am usually active, but in the past year or so I think I have gained a lot of weight and I think I am on the way to being overweight. Please tell me if I am normal size?

The Expert answers:

There’s an unofficial “formula” for the ideal weight. For women, its 5 feet: 100 lbs, and an extra 5 lbs for every inch there after. So a 5’3″ woman’s ideal weight is around 115 lbs. For you the ideal weight according to this formula is 130 lbs. However, you do sports which builds muscle. And muscle weighs more than fat.

A more accurate way is body mass index, or BMI. You’re BMI is 23.7 (I put that you weigh 147 lbs). A normal weight person’s BMI is between 18.5 and 24.9. So yeah you’re normal weight.

Nancy asks…

Does anyone here have pcos and is taking metformin and conceived if so how long was you on the medicine ?

I have a 7 year old and now im trying to have another one, but no luck. I been trying for over a year and I found out from my doctor today that I have pcos and he put me on metformin 500mg 2x daily. Has anyone had this problem and the medicine worked for them? And if so how long did it take before you conceived? What dosage was you taking? When you became pregnant?

The Expert answers:

PCOS has many different possible causes, as the Merck Manual link below explains, the drug clomiphene alone is more effective than metformin, and metformin is used as add on therapy for women with a body mass index greater than 35.

Metformin is approved for treating type 2 diabetes by cutting down on the liver’s ability to make sugar, alcohol also cuts down on the liver’s ability to make sugar, so mixing alcohol with metformin is a bad idea as blood sugar levels can fall too low to keep a brain alive (mother and baby). Metformin is used for other purposes other than just the FDA approved use in diabetes.

You should not have any diagnostic tests using dyes along with metformin or it might damage the kidneys or raise metformin levels too high.

As the link on metformin explains, metformin can cut down on vitamin B 12 and folic acid absorption, these are vital for the healthy development of a baby, you might need shots of these vitamins if you become pregnant while on metformin. Once you are pregnant you might talk with your doctor about discontinuing the metformin therapy.

Http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec18/ch256/ch256e.html?qt=pcos&alt=sh

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Your Questions About Fitness

Laura asks…

How accurate is the BMI (body mass index) in determining your health???

I am 33, 5 foot 6, very active (swim, walk a lot, have started yoga and belly dancing, and do sit-ups, 25 a day, and push ups about 15 a day). I have a lot of muscle in my arms and legs. I have a little bit of a baby condo left from having my third child, but other then that my stomach is relatively flat. My BP is usually around 110/60. But here is the thing, I way 223 lbs. When I have people geuss my weight people usually say about 150, I know some of that is trying to be polite but some seem genuinely suprised when I say what I weigh. According to the BMI I am morbidly obese, but I don’t feel it. I told my mother and a co-worker that I want to lose 70 lbs they said that I would look like a skeleton. My doctor says weightloss would be good, but he also says that I am in perfect health, so what do you folks think???? Go by weight or go by how you look, act and feel?????

The Expert answers:

BMI is only an estimate of your weight distribution. It does not really take into account or differentiate muscle/fat ratios or bone structure. When I was in the army the soldiers who worked out with heavy weights and therefore had higher than usual muscle mass (which is denser than fat) always exceeded the charts and had to have more specialized measurements done.

The most accurate way to determine your muscle/fat ratio is to have a physician weigh you on dry land and also submersed in a pool. Since fat is less dense than muscle the difference in weight between the dry weigh-in and the submerged weigh-in gives a more accurate measure of fat percentage in your body weight.

If you are truly concerned then you should consult with a physician who will use a more precise evaluation than just looking at a chart. Diet and activity levels are as important in determining over all health as is body fat levels.

John asks…

How can I claim/prove astrology is true?

I’m in a debate on the side that says astrology is true

The Expert answers:

Here are some facts although I doubt that you’ll be able to change a non-believer’s mind:

Recently, a study by the Office of National Statistics in the UK found that the birth month of a child apparently affects the kind of career that they follow. See http://topnews.ae/content/28945-birth-mo… the link doesn’t work, just Google Birth Month Determines Baby’s Career or something similar and it will show up.

A neuroscientist from Oxford, although he won’t admit to believing in astrology stated: “It seems absurd the month in which you are born can affect life chances, BUT how long you live, how tall you are, how well you do at school, your body mass index as an adult, your morning-versus-evening preference and how likely you are to develop a range of diseases are all correlated to some extent with the time of year in which you emerge from the womb.” Researchers have suggested that the differences might be linked to a mother’s exposure to sunlight in pregnancy. Sunlight triggers the production of Vitamin D in the body and lack of this in the first months of life may have long-lasting effects. So, the Sun’s energy in fact affects the unborn child.

Lunar cycles are known to affect animal behavior and physiology. Studies have revealed that in birds, the daily variations in melatonin and corticosterone disappear during full-moon days. The lunar cycle also exerts effects on laboratory rats with regard to taste sensitivity and the ultrastructure of pineal gland cells.

It is also suggested by scientists that the release of neurohormones may be triggered by the electromagnetic radiation and/or the gravitational pull of the moon. We already know that the gravitational pull of the Moon and Sun affects the ocean’s tides (more accurately the rise and fall of the ocean). It’s also a scientific fact that when aligned with the moon, the sun will strengthen the moon’s pull, creating more extreme high and low tides called spring tides. When at a 90-degree angle from the moon, the sun will pull the water slightly away from the moon, making less apparent tides. This is the same principle as aspects and alignments in astrology. There are people who still plant crops based on the cycles of the Sun and Moon because they affect the amount of moisture pulled up to the surface of the earth. Why wouldn’t such forces also affect the development of a person who spends the first 9 months of their life in the watery environment of the womb – the development of his brain and therefore his personality? Babies are not born as blank slates; they are not born all alike. They have different personalities – some are demanding, some are quiet and observant.

The astrologers of ancient civilizations, most of whom were also astronomers, may not have known about the scientific principles of gravity or solar and lunar cycles and planetary energies or Vitamin D, but they saw the patterns and the effects of such things here on earth. Now, scientists are beginning to recognize those patterns and effects as well.

Also look up the 1914 case of Evangeline Adams who was a professional astrologer charged with illegal fortune telling. She was acquitted when the judge in the case selected an unnamed person for whom she gave an accurate astrology reading – the judge knew it was accurate because the person that he had selected was his son. She did this manually of course – no computers existed at the time – using the Ephemeris. One of Ms. Adams most supportive clients was J.P. Morgan, one of the nation’s wealthiest men who consulted her regularly about financial matters.

Donald asks…

question is about star signs,how is the separate information on each star sign made?

To me the only way this would be possible would be to have conducted researce over the thousands of years into the personality’s of which star they were born under.In this case even if there is a new star the information of your personality would still be correct eg i (was) a Scorpio the info on the scorpio is still mine an the virgo sign should be placed on the scorpio’s description? What do people think?
Scorpio_woman/ thanks,So what about the star sign change? eg.. The Virgo star sign (name symbol) should be put on the Scorpio’s description then yes?

The Expert answers:

Serious astrology (not to be confused with the horoscopes that appear in magazines and newspapers) IS thousands of years old, although the basis of modern Western astrology is usually credited to Ptolemy who existed around the time of Alexander the Great. Those who first began studying it, did so mostly for practical reasons – best time to grow crops, for example. (Some people today still base crop planting on Lunar Cycles since the gravitational pull of the Moon can actually pull moisture up towards the surface of the soil). As time went on, they noticed that people born during certain times of the year when the planets were in a particular pattern shared similarities. As with any study, astrology became more refined as more was learned about the solar system. (Western astrology focuses on planetary influences of the planets in our solar system, not the constellations themselves – that would be vedic astrology). Now, modern science is beginning to confirm what astrologers have known all along. A study by the Office of National Statistics in the UK found that the birth month of a child apparently affects the kind of career that they follow. See http://topnews.ae/content/28945-birth-mo… the link doesn’t work, just Google Birth Month Determines Baby’s Career or something like that and it should show up.

A neuroscientist from Oxford, although he won’t admit to believing in astrology stated: “It seems absurd the month in which you are born can affect life chances, BUT how long you live, how tall you are, how well you do at school, your body mass index as an adult, your morning-versus-evening preference and how likely you are to develop a range of diseases are all correlated to some extent with the time of year in which you emerge from the womb.”

Paul asks…

Is this a normal weight for a 13 year old girl?

I weigh 111 pounds. I’m 13 years old and I’m around 5 ft. 3. Is 111 pounds a normal weight for a girl my age?

The Expert answers:

A 13 year old (female) child who is 111.0 pounds and 5 feet and 3 inches tall, has a body mass index of 19.7, which is at the 62.5th percentile and is considered to be a healthy weight.

Jenny asks…

should gps do more to tackle patient’s obesity?

are we a nation of fatties?

The Expert answers:

I think the Obesity problem should start in school. I think we need to teach our children how to eat better and provide them with nutritious meals so that they don’t feel like they are missing out on fast food.

Then it’s the doctor’s responsibility to educate their patiens and guide them through a successful diet of healty tasting foods to reduce their BMI (body mass index).

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Your Questions About Fitness

Paul asks…

What is a good weight for a 5’3″ 18 year old woman?

I am 18 years old, 5’3″, and I weigh 127 lbs. I am a little heavier than I would like to be. What is an ideal weight for someone my height?

The Expert answers:

As of now you are in the above normal BMI (body mass index). It doesn’t mean you’re fat.The range for your height is between 102 lbs- 128 lbs. I suggest a 115 lbs is a more desirable weight. Though 127 lbs is close to the maximum 128 lbs for your height, you don’t have to worry because it’s still normal

Lisa asks…

Anyone have any ideas to help get pregnant with twins?

I was wondering if there were any wise tells about how to get pregnant with multiples? What can you do to increase your odds of having twins?

The Expert answers:

Many people wonder what it takes to have twins, triplets or more. While having multiples is a gift and a blessing, there are some common factors that increase the chances of conceiving twins.

-Have a History: Do twins run in your family? If you have a mother, brother, sister, uncle or long lost cousin with multiples, you may wonder if you’ll have them too. Sometimes twinning is hereditary, it’s true. However, only fraternal (dizygotic twins are influenced by heredity, and then only in some cases. If your mother or maternal grandmother was or had fraternal twins, you might have inherited a gene for hyperovulation, increasing your chances of conceiving twins also.

-Grow or Gain Weight: A recent study published by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology correlates the rise in multiple birth rates with rising rates of obesity. Research found that mothers with a BMI (Body Mass Index) of 30 or higer were significantly more likely to have twins. Again, this statistic only holds true for fraternal (dizygotic) twins. The research also showed that women of above-average height were also more likely to have multiples.

-Wait Until You’re Older: Older mothers are more likely to conceive twins than their younger counterparts. It’s thought that the body accelerates ovulation as the biological clock starts ticking faster. Seventeen percent of mothers over age 45 have multiples. Wait five more years and the odds rise to one in nine!

-Eat More Yummy Yams: No one is quite sure why, but the Yoruba tribe in West Africa has the highest rate of twinning in the world. A study concluded that the mother’s diet was the cause, being high in cassava, a type of yam or sweet potato. The peelings of this vegetable are thought to contain a chemical that causes hyperovulation.

-Seek Ferttility Assistance: Reproductive technology has dramatically increased the multiple birth rate. Drugs that stimualate ovulation can lead to a multiple pregnancy, but multiples can also result from invitro fertilization. It’s not just that multiple embryos are implanted in the mother, but there is also an unexplained increase in the number of monozygotic twins among IVF patients. No ethical doctor would provide treatment if it wasn’t warranted, so fertility assistance should only be sought out when necessary.

-Have A Big Family: The more kids you have, the more likely you are to conceive twins in a subsequent pregnancy. No one knows the magic limit that triggers a multiple pregnancy, so you’ll just have to keep trying until it happens.

-Conceive While Breastfeeding: Most people think that you can’t get pregnant while breastfeeding, that the process of lactating keeps a woman from ovulating. However, plenty of mothers of twins can disprove that theory. Some research has supported the theory that the chance of twins or multiples is increased if a woman conceives while breastfeeding.

-Get Pregnant On the Pill: Birth control pills are usually thought to be 99.9 percent effective at preventing pregnancy. However, that .01 percent often results in a double whammy — multiples. Sometimes pregnancy occurs when the pill isn’t taken consistently; in other cases, the hormonal mix of a particular drug type simply doesn’t provide enough coverage to completely prevent ovulation. In either case, playing around with hormones can lead to hyperovulation, increasing the chances of multiples.

Http://multiples.about.com/od/funfacts/tp/howtohavetwins.htm

Sharon asks…

What do you think the average weight for me is?

I’m 15 5’1 and weigh 123 is that too much 🙁 ? what’s the average weight for my height and age?

The Expert answers:

Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight.

You have a BMI of 23. A woman of your height should weigh between 101 and 127 pounds to maintain a normal BMI. Your weight is normal.

Daniel asks…

Am I a normal weight for my height and age?

I am 16, 5 foot 6 and about 145-150 pounds. I play two sports throughout the year so I am usually active, but in the past year or so I think I have gained a lot of weight and I think I am on the way to being overweight. Please tell me if I am normal size?

The Expert answers:

There’s an unofficial “formula” for the ideal weight. For women, its 5 feet: 100 lbs, and an extra 5 lbs for every inch there after. So a 5’3″ woman’s ideal weight is around 115 lbs. For you the ideal weight according to this formula is 130 lbs. However, you do sports which builds muscle. And muscle weighs more than fat.

A more accurate way is body mass index, or BMI. You’re BMI is 23.7 (I put that you weigh 147 lbs). A normal weight person’s BMI is between 18.5 and 24.9. So yeah you’re normal weight.

Chris asks…

Does anyone here have pcos and is taking metformin and conceived if so how long was you on the medicine ?

I have a 7 year old and now im trying to have another one, but no luck. I been trying for over a year and I found out from my doctor today that I have pcos and he put me on metformin 500mg 2x daily. Has anyone had this problem and the medicine worked for them? And if so how long did it take before you conceived? What dosage was you taking? When you became pregnant?

The Expert answers:

PCOS has many different possible causes, as the Merck Manual link below explains, the drug clomiphene alone is more effective than metformin, and metformin is used as add on therapy for women with a body mass index greater than 35.

Metformin is approved for treating type 2 diabetes by cutting down on the liver’s ability to make sugar, alcohol also cuts down on the liver’s ability to make sugar, so mixing alcohol with metformin is a bad idea as blood sugar levels can fall too low to keep a brain alive (mother and baby). Metformin is used for other purposes other than just the FDA approved use in diabetes.

You should not have any diagnostic tests using dyes along with metformin or it might damage the kidneys or raise metformin levels too high.

As the link on metformin explains, metformin can cut down on vitamin B 12 and folic acid absorption, these are vital for the healthy development of a baby, you might need shots of these vitamins if you become pregnant while on metformin. Once you are pregnant you might talk with your doctor about discontinuing the metformin therapy.

Http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec18/ch256/ch256e.html?qt=pcos&alt=sh

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Your Questions About Fitness

Paul asks…

Why people in this country are fat?

Obesity involves having an abnormally high proportion of body fat. Doctors define obesity as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher and overweight as having a BMI of 25 or higher.

Weight is largely determined by how you balance your intake of calories from food with the energy you use in everyday activities. If you consume more calories than you use, you gain weight. Your body stores calories that you don’t need for energy as fat.

Fat is important for storing energy and insulating your body, among other functions. The human body can handle carrying some extra fat, but beyond a certain point, body fat can begin to interfere with your health.

Eating too many calories and not getting enough physical activity are the main causes of obesity, especially in combination. But many factors can contribute to obesity.

The Expert answers:

Eating too much, eating the wrong things, video games, technoligy, laziness. America is getting GROSS.

BesT WisheS!

Charles asks…

Please look at my stats; should I do more cardio or strength training?

5″9 is my height
218.1 pounds overall
32.2 Body Mass Index
67.9 Pounds of Fat
31.2% Bodyfat percentage
50.2% Water
8.4% Bone Mass percentage

More cardio or more strength training based on my personal body composition stats. All of my fat is at the midsection. I have very lean shoulders arms, chest, and legs.

The Expert answers:

Probably the cardio but don’t neglect weights ever. Your body fat levels are way too high. Clean up your diet, hit the cardio hard and weight train at least twice a week.

Joseph asks…

The body mass index, I, can be used to determine an individual’s risk for heart disease. An index less than 25?

An index less than 25 indicates a low risk. The body mass index is given by the formula, or model, I=700w/h^2, where w=weight, in pounds, and H=height, in inches, Jerome is 75 inches tall.
What weights will keep his body mass index between 19 and 30?

Jerome’s body mass index will fall between 19 and 30 for the set of all weights such that ___ < W < ____

The Expert answers:

An index anywhere from 17 to 25 is in the normal range.
25-30 is obese and over 30 is very obese
Keep up the good work

Sandy asks…

Does a fourteen year old girl have to exercise?

Body mass index of about 21. Has exercised 5x weekly since February, would discontinuing exercise affect them?

The Expert answers:

Yes everyone should exercise!

Lizzie asks…

What is independent and dependent variable?

I’m doing an experiment for Biology in which I determine whether 16 year old boys or girls have a higher heart rate based on Body Mass Index. The title of the lab is “The Effect of Body Mass Index on the Heart Rate of 16-year-old Humans (Homo sapiens sapiens)”

I’m having a hard time determining which is my independent and dependent variable. I measured the bmi and heart rate of 10 girls and 10 boys. Any help?
what would my control be?

The Expert answers:

The independent variable would be the BMI, since this is the one that is assumed to influence the other, the dependent variable, which would be the heart rate.

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Your Questions About Fitness

Thomas asks…

What is a good weight for a 5’3″ 18 year old woman?

I am 18 years old, 5’3″, and I weigh 127 lbs. I am a little heavier than I would like to be. What is an ideal weight for someone my height?

The Expert answers:

As of now you are in the above normal BMI (body mass index). It doesn’t mean you’re fat.The range for your height is between 102 lbs- 128 lbs. I suggest a 115 lbs is a more desirable weight. Though 127 lbs is close to the maximum 128 lbs for your height, you don’t have to worry because it’s still normal

Robert asks…

Anyone have any ideas to help get pregnant with twins?

I was wondering if there were any wise tells about how to get pregnant with multiples? What can you do to increase your odds of having twins?

The Expert answers:

Many people wonder what it takes to have twins, triplets or more. While having multiples is a gift and a blessing, there are some common factors that increase the chances of conceiving twins.

-Have a History: Do twins run in your family? If you have a mother, brother, sister, uncle or long lost cousin with multiples, you may wonder if you’ll have them too. Sometimes twinning is hereditary, it’s true. However, only fraternal (dizygotic twins are influenced by heredity, and then only in some cases. If your mother or maternal grandmother was or had fraternal twins, you might have inherited a gene for hyperovulation, increasing your chances of conceiving twins also.

-Grow or Gain Weight: A recent study published by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology correlates the rise in multiple birth rates with rising rates of obesity. Research found that mothers with a BMI (Body Mass Index) of 30 or higer were significantly more likely to have twins. Again, this statistic only holds true for fraternal (dizygotic) twins. The research also showed that women of above-average height were also more likely to have multiples.

-Wait Until You’re Older: Older mothers are more likely to conceive twins than their younger counterparts. It’s thought that the body accelerates ovulation as the biological clock starts ticking faster. Seventeen percent of mothers over age 45 have multiples. Wait five more years and the odds rise to one in nine!

-Eat More Yummy Yams: No one is quite sure why, but the Yoruba tribe in West Africa has the highest rate of twinning in the world. A study concluded that the mother’s diet was the cause, being high in cassava, a type of yam or sweet potato. The peelings of this vegetable are thought to contain a chemical that causes hyperovulation.

-Seek Ferttility Assistance: Reproductive technology has dramatically increased the multiple birth rate. Drugs that stimualate ovulation can lead to a multiple pregnancy, but multiples can also result from invitro fertilization. It’s not just that multiple embryos are implanted in the mother, but there is also an unexplained increase in the number of monozygotic twins among IVF patients. No ethical doctor would provide treatment if it wasn’t warranted, so fertility assistance should only be sought out when necessary.

-Have A Big Family: The more kids you have, the more likely you are to conceive twins in a subsequent pregnancy. No one knows the magic limit that triggers a multiple pregnancy, so you’ll just have to keep trying until it happens.

-Conceive While Breastfeeding: Most people think that you can’t get pregnant while breastfeeding, that the process of lactating keeps a woman from ovulating. However, plenty of mothers of twins can disprove that theory. Some research has supported the theory that the chance of twins or multiples is increased if a woman conceives while breastfeeding.

-Get Pregnant On the Pill: Birth control pills are usually thought to be 99.9 percent effective at preventing pregnancy. However, that .01 percent often results in a double whammy — multiples. Sometimes pregnancy occurs when the pill isn’t taken consistently; in other cases, the hormonal mix of a particular drug type simply doesn’t provide enough coverage to completely prevent ovulation. In either case, playing around with hormones can lead to hyperovulation, increasing the chances of multiples.

Http://multiples.about.com/od/funfacts/tp/howtohavetwins.htm

Charles asks…

What do you think the average weight for me is?

I’m 15 5’1 and weigh 123 is that too much 🙁 ? what’s the average weight for my height and age?

The Expert answers:

Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight.

You have a BMI of 23. A woman of your height should weigh between 101 and 127 pounds to maintain a normal BMI. Your weight is normal.

Donald asks…

Am I a normal weight for my height and age?

I am 16, 5 foot 6 and about 145-150 pounds. I play two sports throughout the year so I am usually active, but in the past year or so I think I have gained a lot of weight and I think I am on the way to being overweight. Please tell me if I am normal size?

The Expert answers:

There’s an unofficial “formula” for the ideal weight. For women, its 5 feet: 100 lbs, and an extra 5 lbs for every inch there after. So a 5’3″ woman’s ideal weight is around 115 lbs. For you the ideal weight according to this formula is 130 lbs. However, you do sports which builds muscle. And muscle weighs more than fat.

A more accurate way is body mass index, or BMI. You’re BMI is 23.7 (I put that you weigh 147 lbs). A normal weight person’s BMI is between 18.5 and 24.9. So yeah you’re normal weight.

Lisa asks…

Does anyone here have pcos and is taking metformin and conceived if so how long was you on the medicine ?

I have a 7 year old and now im trying to have another one, but no luck. I been trying for over a year and I found out from my doctor today that I have pcos and he put me on metformin 500mg 2x daily. Has anyone had this problem and the medicine worked for them? And if so how long did it take before you conceived? What dosage was you taking? When you became pregnant?

The Expert answers:

PCOS has many different possible causes, as the Merck Manual link below explains, the drug clomiphene alone is more effective than metformin, and metformin is used as add on therapy for women with a body mass index greater than 35.

Metformin is approved for treating type 2 diabetes by cutting down on the liver’s ability to make sugar, alcohol also cuts down on the liver’s ability to make sugar, so mixing alcohol with metformin is a bad idea as blood sugar levels can fall too low to keep a brain alive (mother and baby). Metformin is used for other purposes other than just the FDA approved use in diabetes.

You should not have any diagnostic tests using dyes along with metformin or it might damage the kidneys or raise metformin levels too high.

As the link on metformin explains, metformin can cut down on vitamin B 12 and folic acid absorption, these are vital for the healthy development of a baby, you might need shots of these vitamins if you become pregnant while on metformin. Once you are pregnant you might talk with your doctor about discontinuing the metformin therapy.

Http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec18/ch256/ch256e.html?qt=pcos&alt=sh

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Your Questions About Fitness

David asks…

What exactly is Obamacare and why does the Republican party oppose it?

The Expert answers:

What is it? It’s what every socialized medicine is:

12/12/11 Canadian Broadcasting Company, cbc.ca: Surgery wait times longest in 18 years.
-The median wait time is 19 weeks between the referral from a general practitioner and the start of elective treatment (examples: inguinal hernia surgery, cataract surgery, mastectomy for breast cancer, donation of a kidney by a living donor. Wikipedia)
finds the report, released by the Fraser Institute Monday.
-Wait times for a referral to a specialist rose to 9.5 weeks in 2011 from 8.9 weeks in 2010. And the wait time between a visit to a specialist and actual medical treatment increased to 9.5 weeks from 9.3 weeks, according to the report.
-Wait times for different types of medical procedures also vary in length. Patients wait the longest between a GP referral and plastic surgery, an average of 41.6 weeks, while those waiting for medical oncology [that’s cancer, folks] begin treatment in 4.2 weeks.
-“Canadians are being forced to wait almost 4 ½ months, on average, to receive surgical care, prolonging the pain and suffering patients and their families are forced to endure.” said Mark Rovere, a co-author of the report.

May 2012 survey at http://www.doctorsandpatients.org/images/files/DPMA_SurveyResults.pdf:
Doctors were asked: “How do current changes in the medical system affect your desire to practice medicine?” The results:
“Makes me think about quitting,” 83%; “Unsure/no,” 13%; “I’m re-energized,” 5%

8/24/12 Financial Times, London: The National Health Service (NHS) is suffering a “brain drain” of doctors as more medics trained at taxpayers’ expense choose to pursue their…
[they’re leaving the UK to go to where they make more money and work less]

4/6/12 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2126379/Sentenced-death-old-The-NHS-denies-life-saving-treatment-elderly-mans-chilling-story-reveals.html:
According to shocking new research by Macmillan Cancer Support, every year many thousands of older people are routinely denied life-saving NHS treatments because their doctors write them off as too old to treat.
The article notes that, “IN AMERICA, DOCTORS PIONEERING THE FIELD OF ‘GERIATRIC SURGERY’ PERFORM OPEN-HEART SURGERY ON PEOPLE IN THEIR 90’S.” [my emphasis]

4/28/12 http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/apr/28/doctors-treatment-denial-smokers-obese: A majority of doctors support measures to deny treatment to smokers and the obese…
Bedfordshire PCT, for example, decided to withhold hip and knee surgery from obese patients until they had slimmed down by 10% or had a body mass index of under 35.
Smokers and obese people are already being denied operations such as IVF (invitro fertilization), breast reconstructions and a new hip or knee in some parts of England. The medical magazine Pulse last month found that 25 of 91 primary care trusts (PCTs) had introduced treatment bans for those groups since April 2011.
Dr Ringrose said: “Perhaps its time for the NHS to have a realistic discussion with UK taxpayers about what treatments it can continue to cover.”

-7/15/12 The Daily Mail, UK: “Thousands could lose their sight as NHS [National Health Service] cuts cataract surgery by a quarter”
—————————–
-3/19/09 http://articles.cnn.com/2009-03-19/politics/health.care.poll_1_health-care-americans-coverage?_s=PM:POLITICS:
80% of Americans questioned in a CNN/Opinion Research Corp. Survey released Thursday said they’re satisfied with the quality of health care they receive.

Donna asks…

How underweight am I if i’m 6 foot 130 pounds?

I’m a 6 foot 130 pound man, how much underweight is that considered? and I still have a tummy even though everywhere else I’m really skinny, does anyone have any advice?

The Expert answers:

Your body mass index (BMI) is 17.6 according to your height and weight placing you into the underweight category. The low value for “normal weight” according to the BMI for you is 136.5 pounds.

You want to be sure that you’re eating a well-balanced diet to get proper nutrition. You can be skinny, but still have extra fat most especially when you’re not particularly muscular. You may wish to do some light muscle building exercises just to tone up your body.

James asks…

How do I find out total percentage of body fat?

The Expert answers:

Usually you do it in a gym or a nutritionist’s office, where they have a caliper (a ruler with a pincer), with which they pinch your body parts, measure the amount of the pinch, calculate your skin sickness by pinching you on the inner part of the wrist, then they use a formula to get it.
You can calculate it at home, too.
Body mass index (BMI) is measure of body fat based on height and
weight that applies to both adult men and women.
Enter your weight and height using Standard or Metric measures here:

http://www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi/bmi-m.htm

this one is less accurate, but usable.

Laura asks…

I have Congenital Hypothyroidism, is this classed as a disability which can be registered in the UK?

I have had this condition since birth and need to take medication every day, it also very much affects mood, weight etc

The Expert answers:

First of all disabilities refer to your ability to function and are not applied simply due to a condition. I would be very doubtful if your underlying problem,which is eminently and completely treatable and controllable with synthetic thyroid hormone is responsible for either your mood issues or your weight problems. Unfortunately many patients who have hypothyroidism blame their failure to lose weight on the condition. In fact this is seldom the case,once the appropriate dose of levothyroxine is administered they are physiologically and metabolically normal.

It must be remembered that currently in the UK about 46% of men in England and 32% of women are overweight (a body mass index of 25-30 kg/m2), and an additional 17% of men and 21% of women are obese (a body mass index of more than 30 kg/m2 ). So as a male picked at random Mark you have nearly a 50% chance of being overweight anyway!

It has also been suggested by the WHO that depression is now the commonest disease of all in the West,so the odds are again that this too is unrelated to your controlled thyroid status.

Without meaning to sound like a grumpy old doctor Mark,my advice to you if you were my patient,would be to get on with your life and take the chip off your shoulder and stop using your manageable condition as an excuse. There are many people with severe disabilities who soldier on regardless and complain much less that you clearly do!

Chris asks…

How Do Anorexic’s Hide The Fact Their Anorexics?

I understand what Anorexic is and all, but how do they get away with it? Like, say that their family would make them eat dinner with them at 6pm each night. How do they trick people into believing they eat?

The Expert answers:

Flightless angel, Anorexics don’t get away with it, hiding it for long. They can wear bulky clothes and hide the weight loss on their bodies but if they eat nothing their faces will look emaciated after a while and everyone will see that they look ill or that they have lost weight and parents who care, they will see it but to make an anorexic eat, that is hard and one cannot force them and this is a psychological eating disorder that affects many many beautiful people girls and also young guys and young man, mainly from age 12 or 13 to age 25…but if someone is anorexic this can lead to death because the cells in the body need nutrition and without that they just can’t work and this can cause severe organ damage.
In the early 1980’s there was a pretty looking woman Karen Ann Carpenter who was famous singing since she was a teenager, but then she weighed 140 lbs and someone said she was a bit ”chubby” for 5ft 4 inches and her doctor actually put her on a ”water diet” which is very dangerous to do, to live on water…that was a very bad idea. She lost a lot of weight and everybody told her how great she looked at 119 lbs but by then Karen Carpenter was already anorexic and she could not go back to eating normal food….she wanted to be even slimmer and most anorexics have a distorted image of themselves ”like in your story” flightless angel” they feel they are still fat when in fact they are skeletons but a lot of them don’t see that and those who see it, can’t stop to change so the best way to help and to make sure a loved one who suffers from a servere eating disorder is to send them to rehab, where they meet other young people with the same problems or others suffer from bulimia and all of this is dangerous and overeating is a eating disorder as well when someone just can’t stop eating and comfort eats to a point where they take in 2 or 3 times the calories their body needs. Those people have emotional problems most of the time as well and turn to food to eat..it’s an addiction with them…they are a bit different, they are more like alcoholics but addicted to food but they need help as well…and rehab is the best way to help someone because there the anorexic or bulimic person will get help from a physician, a psychiatrist and a nutritionist who helps the people with eating disorder to find their way back to eating healthy…but listen to Ali …she is a recovering anorexic and she looks great now, but when the body looks better the mind is still in danger of slipping back to thinking ”anorexic thoughts, they go to the clinic with the aim to get to a BMI (Body mass index of 20 and still their mind takes a lot longer to adapt to their now healthy weight so there is a danger that they could slip back…they need help…because anorexia and bulimia can lead to death…More bulimics look a normal weight so that they might be able to fool friends or people who are not there to watch them that they have a serious eating disorder but someone with severe anorexia..one cannot hide in bulky clothes forever..the face really changes into a skeletal and emaciated gaunt look so people see this person is ill or something is wrong..x

Karen Carpenter died at age 32 she had a great voice
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ylh6mNdadG4

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Your Questions About Fitness

Laura asks…

What is a good weight for a 5’3″ 18 year old woman?

I am 18 years old, 5’3″, and I weigh 127 lbs. I am a little heavier than I would like to be. What is an ideal weight for someone my height?

The Expert answers:

As of now you are in the above normal BMI (body mass index). It doesn’t mean you’re fat.The range for your height is between 102 lbs- 128 lbs. I suggest a 115 lbs is a more desirable weight. Though 127 lbs is close to the maximum 128 lbs for your height, you don’t have to worry because it’s still normal

Paul asks…

Anyone have any ideas to help get pregnant with twins?

I was wondering if there were any wise tells about how to get pregnant with multiples? What can you do to increase your odds of having twins?

The Expert answers:

Many people wonder what it takes to have twins, triplets or more. While having multiples is a gift and a blessing, there are some common factors that increase the chances of conceiving twins.

-Have a History: Do twins run in your family? If you have a mother, brother, sister, uncle or long lost cousin with multiples, you may wonder if you’ll have them too. Sometimes twinning is hereditary, it’s true. However, only fraternal (dizygotic twins are influenced by heredity, and then only in some cases. If your mother or maternal grandmother was or had fraternal twins, you might have inherited a gene for hyperovulation, increasing your chances of conceiving twins also.

-Grow or Gain Weight: A recent study published by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology correlates the rise in multiple birth rates with rising rates of obesity. Research found that mothers with a BMI (Body Mass Index) of 30 or higer were significantly more likely to have twins. Again, this statistic only holds true for fraternal (dizygotic) twins. The research also showed that women of above-average height were also more likely to have multiples.

-Wait Until You’re Older: Older mothers are more likely to conceive twins than their younger counterparts. It’s thought that the body accelerates ovulation as the biological clock starts ticking faster. Seventeen percent of mothers over age 45 have multiples. Wait five more years and the odds rise to one in nine!

-Eat More Yummy Yams: No one is quite sure why, but the Yoruba tribe in West Africa has the highest rate of twinning in the world. A study concluded that the mother’s diet was the cause, being high in cassava, a type of yam or sweet potato. The peelings of this vegetable are thought to contain a chemical that causes hyperovulation.

-Seek Ferttility Assistance: Reproductive technology has dramatically increased the multiple birth rate. Drugs that stimualate ovulation can lead to a multiple pregnancy, but multiples can also result from invitro fertilization. It’s not just that multiple embryos are implanted in the mother, but there is also an unexplained increase in the number of monozygotic twins among IVF patients. No ethical doctor would provide treatment if it wasn’t warranted, so fertility assistance should only be sought out when necessary.

-Have A Big Family: The more kids you have, the more likely you are to conceive twins in a subsequent pregnancy. No one knows the magic limit that triggers a multiple pregnancy, so you’ll just have to keep trying until it happens.

-Conceive While Breastfeeding: Most people think that you can’t get pregnant while breastfeeding, that the process of lactating keeps a woman from ovulating. However, plenty of mothers of twins can disprove that theory. Some research has supported the theory that the chance of twins or multiples is increased if a woman conceives while breastfeeding.

-Get Pregnant On the Pill: Birth control pills are usually thought to be 99.9 percent effective at preventing pregnancy. However, that .01 percent often results in a double whammy — multiples. Sometimes pregnancy occurs when the pill isn’t taken consistently; in other cases, the hormonal mix of a particular drug type simply doesn’t provide enough coverage to completely prevent ovulation. In either case, playing around with hormones can lead to hyperovulation, increasing the chances of multiples.

Http://multiples.about.com/od/funfacts/tp/howtohavetwins.htm

George asks…

What do you think the average weight for me is?

I’m 15 5’1 and weigh 123 is that too much 🙁 ? what’s the average weight for my height and age?

The Expert answers:

Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight.

You have a BMI of 23. A woman of your height should weigh between 101 and 127 pounds to maintain a normal BMI. Your weight is normal.

Nancy asks…

Am I a normal weight for my height and age?

I am 16, 5 foot 6 and about 145-150 pounds. I play two sports throughout the year so I am usually active, but in the past year or so I think I have gained a lot of weight and I think I am on the way to being overweight. Please tell me if I am normal size?

The Expert answers:

There’s an unofficial “formula” for the ideal weight. For women, its 5 feet: 100 lbs, and an extra 5 lbs for every inch there after. So a 5’3″ woman’s ideal weight is around 115 lbs. For you the ideal weight according to this formula is 130 lbs. However, you do sports which builds muscle. And muscle weighs more than fat.

A more accurate way is body mass index, or BMI. You’re BMI is 23.7 (I put that you weigh 147 lbs). A normal weight person’s BMI is between 18.5 and 24.9. So yeah you’re normal weight.

William asks…

Does anyone here have pcos and is taking metformin and conceived if so how long was you on the medicine ?

I have a 7 year old and now im trying to have another one, but no luck. I been trying for over a year and I found out from my doctor today that I have pcos and he put me on metformin 500mg 2x daily. Has anyone had this problem and the medicine worked for them? And if so how long did it take before you conceived? What dosage was you taking? When you became pregnant?

The Expert answers:

PCOS has many different possible causes, as the Merck Manual link below explains, the drug clomiphene alone is more effective than metformin, and metformin is used as add on therapy for women with a body mass index greater than 35.

Metformin is approved for treating type 2 diabetes by cutting down on the liver’s ability to make sugar, alcohol also cuts down on the liver’s ability to make sugar, so mixing alcohol with metformin is a bad idea as blood sugar levels can fall too low to keep a brain alive (mother and baby). Metformin is used for other purposes other than just the FDA approved use in diabetes.

You should not have any diagnostic tests using dyes along with metformin or it might damage the kidneys or raise metformin levels too high.

As the link on metformin explains, metformin can cut down on vitamin B 12 and folic acid absorption, these are vital for the healthy development of a baby, you might need shots of these vitamins if you become pregnant while on metformin. Once you are pregnant you might talk with your doctor about discontinuing the metformin therapy.

Http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec18/ch256/ch256e.html?qt=pcos&alt=sh

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